Gender Aspect of Tourist Behavior in Eco-Village Tourism Destination
AbstractTourist behavior matters to people who are making decisions about tourist. Tourist interest to involved in ecotourism activities based on gender, such as conservation, waste management, resource efficient management, and other communal activities. This study was conducted to analyzing and mapping tourist response pattern towards a tourism village based on gender. The data sampling method utilized to determining of which tourism ecovillage was the purposive sampling, while the tourist sampling determination utilized the simple random sampling. Tourists were given a questionnaire before starting their activities in the village (pre-activity), observed their behavior while doing the activities in the village (on-going activity), and given another questionnaire after finishing their activities (post-activity). The study applied statistical method to analyze the differences and correlations of 9 variables. The results of this study show that there are significant correlations between the existing perception with the follow-up psychological process, i.e. motivation; preference; satisfaction; and the will to revisit, which can be seen in both the male and female gender. Furthermore, there is no significant difference between the male and female behavior in the pre-activity behavior and the post-activity behavior. However, in the on-going activity stage, there is a significant difference between the male and female behavior towards the environmental action. The women show a more caring behavior towards the activities compared to the men in the time they spent at the tourism village on the post activity behavior.
. WTTC 2016. Travel and Tourism Investment in ASEAN
. E. Inskeep. Tourism Planning an Integrated and Sustainable Development Approach. Willey. 1991.
. S. Baloglu. “The relationship between destination images and sociodemographic and trip characteristics of international travelers”. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 3(3): 221–233. 1997
. S. Baloglu, and K.W. McCleary. “A model of destination image formation”. Annals of Tourism Research, 26 (4): 868-897. 1999.
. P.J. Chen,and D.L. Kerstetter. “International Students’ Image of Rural Pennsylvania as a Travel Destination”. Journal of Travel Research, 37 (3): 256–266. 1999.
. D.J. Walmsley, and J.M. Jenkins. “Appraisive images of tourist areas: Application of personal construct” Australian Geographer, 24(2): 1–13.1993
. L. Đeri., S. Božić and S Šašlić. “Analysis Of Gender Differences In Destination Decision-Making – The Case Study Of Zakynthos Island” . Journal of Megatrend Review 14(1): 42-62. 2017.
. A.R. Oxenfeldt. “Developing a favorable price‐quality image”. Journal of Retailing, 50(4): 8–14. 1974.
. A Alhemoud, and EG Armstrong. “Image of tourism attractions in Kuwait”. Journal of Travel Research, 34(4): 76–80. 1996.
. C.M. Echtner, and J.R.B. Ritchie. “The meaning and measurement of destination image”. The Journal of Tourism Studies, 2(2): 2–12. 1991.
. R. Avenzora. Ekoturisme: Teori dan Praktek. BRR NAD. Nias. 2008
. A. Orsborne, S Atkinson, S. Tomley, L. Cecile S. O’Hara. The Psychology Book. London: Dorling Kindersley Ltd, Penguin Group. 2012.
(13]. C.F. Chen, and F. S, Chen. “Experience quality, perceived value, satisfaction and behavioral intentions for heritage tourists” . Tourism Management, 31(1), 29-35. 2010.
. F. Meng and M Uysal. “Effects of Gender Differences on Perceptions of Destination Attributes, Motivations, and Travel Values: An Examination of a Nature-Based Resort Destination”. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 16(4):445-466. 2008.
. C.H.C Hsu, L.A. Cai, and M. Li. “Expectation, Motivation, and Attitude: A Tourist Behavioral Model”. Journal of Travel Research 49(3) 282-296. 2010.
. N.K. Aliman, S.M. Hashim, S.D.M. Wahid, and S. Harudin,. “Tourist Satisfaction with a Destination: An Investigation on Visitor to Lengkawi Island”. International Journal of Marketing Studies, Vol 8(3). 2016.
. M. Salleh, K. Omar, A.Y. Yaakop, and A.R. Mahmmod. “Tourist Satisfaction in Malaysia”. International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol 4 (5). 2013.
. B. Ozdemir, B Cizel and R.B. Cizel. “Satisfaction with All-Inclusive Resorts: The Effects of Satisfaction with Destination and Destination Loyalty”. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 13: 109-130. 2012.
. C. Jönsson and D Devonish. “Does Nationality, Gender, and Age Affect Travel Motivation? A Case of Visitors to The Caribbean Island of Barbados”. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 25(3-4): 398-408. 2008.
. M.S. Jucan and C.N. Jucan. “Gender Trends in Tourism Destination”. Journal of Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences p:433-444. Elsevier. 2013.
Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.
- It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.
- Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author
- Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.
- If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.
- The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.