Blood Profile in Normal One Humped Dromedary (Camelus Dromedarius) Camels in Libya. Part 3: Effect of Sex Variation on Biochemical and Haematological Blood Profile

  • Anwar M Abdalmula Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
  • Fathia M Benashour Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
  • Mansur E Shmela Department of Preventive Medicine, Genetics & Animal Breeding, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
  • Fahima A Alnagar Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
  • Ismail M Abograra National Centre of Animal Health, Tripoli, Libya
  • Amal O Buker Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
Keywords: Gender, camel breeds, blood profile, biochemistry, haematology, Libya.

Abstract

As little is known about the blood profile of camels in Libya, this article is the third of a 4-part series describing the biochemical and haematological blood profile in Libyan camels.  In part 1 of these manuscripts, the overall blood biochemical and haematological mean values of camels in Libya were determined, parts 2-4 evaluate the effects of breed, gender and age respectively on these values. Blood samples were collected from 24 male and 42 female apparently healthy camels and the levels of enzymes, metabolites, electrolytes and haematological indices were measured.The blood of the male camels showed higher values of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Amylase (AMS), total proteins, globulin and Phosphorus (Ph), than the female camels which showed higher values of glucose, Albumin/Globulin (A/G) ratio, urea, Iron (Fe), Calcium (Ca), Packed Cell volume (PCV), Haemoglobin (Hb), erythrocyte osmotic fragility, Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), neutrophil and monocyte numbers. This study shows significant sex differences between male and female Libyan camels in many haematological and biochemical analytes.

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