Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Coastal Communities in the Working Area of Community Health Centre of Kapota of Wakatobi Regency in 2018

  • lisnawaty lisnawaty Halu Oleo University
  • Neka Sulastri
  • Yusuf Sabilu
  • Irma Yunawati
  • Arum Dian Pratiwi
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, family history, physical activity, dietary pattern

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a degenerative disease that is dangerous and it can cause death. This disease is characterized by hyperglycemia and a disruption of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism which is associated with absolute or relative deficiencies of insulin secretion. This study aimed to determine the risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in coastal communities in the working area of Community health centre of Kapota of Wakatobi Regency in 2018. This study used a case control design with a retrospective approach. The population in this study was all communities in the working area of Community health centre of Kapota aged 40-60 years old amounted to 900 people and the samples amounted to 60 people, namely 30 people for cases and 30 people for control. The sampling used simple random sampling technique. The results showed that family history and physical activity were the risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in coastal communities in the working area of Community health centre of Kapota in 2018, while dietary pattern was not a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus in coastal communities in the working area of Community health centre of Kapota in 2018.

Author Biography

lisnawaty lisnawaty, Halu Oleo University
I am a lecturer of Public Health Nutrition

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Published
2019-08-14
Section
Articles