Analysis of Competitiveness of Shallot (Allium cepa L.) Commodities in Nagari Alahan Panjang and Nagari Air Dingin Kecamatan Lembah Gumanti Kabupaten Solok, West Sumatera

  • Komala Sari Nasution Mala Agriculture Economics Study Program Faculty of Agriculture Postgraduate Andalas University Padang, Jl. Andalas University, Limau Manis Village, Pauh District, Padang City, West Sumatra Province, 25163, Indonesia
  • Yonariza Agriculture Economics Study Program Faculty of Agriculture Postgraduate Andalas University Padang, Jl. Andalas University, Limau Manis Village, Pauh District, Padang City, West Sumatra Province, 25163, Indonesia
  • M. Refdinalͨ
Keywords: Competitiveness, Policy Analysis Matrix, Shallot

Abstract

One of the horticultural commodities that has the potential to be well developed in Indonesia is the shallot commodity, which has the potential to be traded on the international market. The main producing province of shallots on the island of Sumatra is West Sumatra, Solok Regency. This study aims to determine the competitiveness of shallot farming in Solok Regency, West Sumatra and determine the impact of government policies on outputs and inputs in onion farming. The research method is descriptive qualitative and quantitative descriptive methods. Data analysis is PAM (Policy Analysis Matrix). The analysis shows that onion farming in Solok Regency, West Sumatra has a Private Advantage of 34,269,456.00 (Competitive Advantage) and has a Social Advantage of 92,203,432.00 (Comparative Advantage), and has a competitive advantage with a yield of 0.24 (Private Profitability) and comparative advantage with a result of 0.04 (Social Profitability).

References

Aldila, Haris Fatori. "Shallot Competitiveness in the Production Center Area in Indonesia". Thesis M.A., Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor.2016

[BPS] Statistics Indonesia. 2015. Foreign Trade Statistics (Exports and Imports). Jakarta.

[BPS] West Sumatra Province Central Statistics Agency. 2015. West Sumatra in 2015 Figures.

[BPS] Solok Regency Statistics Agency. 2017. Solok District in Figures 2017.

Jorong Rimbo Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Counseling Center Data Nagari Sungai Nanam Kecamatan Lembah Gumanti Solok Regency.

Directorate General of Domestic Trade, 2013. Directorate General of Domestic Trade.

Handewi P.S, Rachman, Supriyadi, Saptana, Benny, R. 2001. Efficiency and Competitiveness of Horticultural Farming. Bogor Agricultural Socio-Economic Research and Development Center. Bogor. 50 - 85 pages.

Handewi, P.S., Rachman., And Ariani, M. 2008. Diversification of Food Consumption in Indonesia: Problems and Implications for Agricultural Policy Analysis Programs and Policies 6 (2): 140-154

Husodo, S.Y. Independent Agriculture. Jakarta: Swadaya Spreaders, 2004.

Jakiyah Ulpah. "Analysis of Organic Rice Cultivation Competitiveness in Tasikmalaya Regency, West Java". Thesis M.A., Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor. 2016

Kadariah, Lien Karlina and Clive Gray. Introduction to Project Evaluation. Jakarta: Publisher Institute: Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia, 1978.

Kurniawan, Ahmad Yusuf. "Analysis of Corn Farming Efficiency and Competitiveness on Dry Land in Tanah Laut Regency, South Kalimantan". Thesis M.A., Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor. 2008.

Mawardi, Nanang Kusuma. "Analysis of Competitiveness of Shallot Commodities in the Special Region of Yogyakarta". Thesis M.A., Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta. 2016

Murtiningrum, Fery, "Analysis of Robusta Coffee (Coffia Conep Hora) Farming in Rejang Lebong District". Thesis M.A., Postgraduate Masters in Agribusiness Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, Bengkulu. 2013.

Monke, E. A. and S. R. Pearson. Policy Analysis Matrix for Agricultural Development. Ithaca. London: Cornell University, 1989.

Nasir, Mohammad. Research methods. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1989.

Nurasa T, Darwis V. 2007. Analysis of Farming and Performance of Shallot Marketing Margin in Brebes Regency: Agrosia Deed Journal 10 (1): 40 - 48

Nolasary, Mega Putri. "Analysis of Competitiveness and the impact of Government policies on Shallots in Solok Regency". Thesis M.A., Postgraduate of Andalas University. Padang. 2017

Pusdatin, 2015. Agricultural Data and Information Center Center (Pusdatin)

Rukmana Rahmat and Yudirachman Herdi. Success of Shallot Cultivation in Yard and Plantation. Yogyakarta: Lily Publisher, 2017.

Rahmadona Lola, Fariyanti Anna and Burhanuddin. 2017. Competitiveness of Shallot Commodities in Majalengka Regency, West Java. Bogor. Indonesian Horticulture Journal. 8 (2): 128 - 135. August 2107.

Renstra Kementerian Pertanian, 2015 -2019.

Ministry of Agriculture Strategic Plan. 2015 - 2019.

Suharyati, Anita. "Analysis of Organic Rice Competitiveness in Karanganyar Regency". Thesis M.A., Postgraduate Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta. 2016

Saputro, Wahyu Adhi. "Analysis of Sugarcane Farming Competitiveness in Central and East Java". Thesis M.A., Postgraduate Agricultural Economics, Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta. 2017.

Simanjuntak SB. "Analysis of Competitiveness and the Impact of Government Policy on the Competitiveness of Indonesian Palm Oil Companies" Dissertation of P.hd., Postgraduate Program, Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor. 1992.

Suhardedi Cecep. "Competitiveness of Rice Farming in Sragen Regency". Thesis M.A., Postgraduate Agribusiness Management, Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta. 2017.

Saptana, Sunarsih, Indraningsih, KS. 2006. Turning Comprehensive Advantage into Competitive Advantage through the Development of Horticultural Business Partnerships. Agro Economic Research Forum. 24 (1): 61-76.

Taufik M. 2012. Strategy for Vegetable Agribusiness Development in South Sulawesi. Agricultural Research and Development Journal. 31 (2): 43-50.

UPTD Lembah Gumanti District, Solok Regency. 2017

Wijaya, Pandu Aji. 2017. Holidays for Shallot Farming in Bantul Regency. [Thesis]. Agribusiness Study Program Department of Agriculture Socio-Economic Faculty of Agriculture. Yogyakarta (ID): Gadjah Mada University.

Yadjid, Muhamad, 2011. Analysis of Sugarcane Farming Competitiveness and Structural Adjustment of Sugar Industry in East Java. [Thesis]. Bogor (ID): Bogor Agricultural Institute Graduate School.

Published
2020-01-30
Section
Articles