Preparation and Characterization of the Thermoluminescence Properties of Mg-doped ZnO

  • Youssef Abdulla Researcher & Lecturer / Associate Professor at Sebha University, Libya
  • Abeer Abraheem MSc. Student at Faculty of Science sebha university, Libya
Keywords: Mg-doped ZnO, sol-gel method, UV source, TL


ZnO and Mg-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction studies of the sample confirm hexagonal phase. Crystallite size calculated using Scherer equation and found to be 48.5nm for undoped ZnO and 44.3nm for 1% Mg doped ZnO, 40.9nm for 2% Mg-doped ZnO and 38.7nm for 3% Mg-doped ZnO. Undoped sample exhibit unstructured low intense TL glow curve, whereas Mg doped samples exhibit will structured TL glow curves with a broad peak around 2800C to 3300C  depends on the UV energy. The TL response as a function of UV energy showed a linearity behavior over the range investigated, and 1% Mg-doped ZnO sample gives very good reproducibility compared with 2% and 3% Mg-doped ZnO samples.


J.H. Choi, H. Tabata, and T. Kawai, J. Cryst. Growth 226, 493, 2001.

A. Nahhas, J. K. Kim, and J. Blachere, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1511, 2001.

Y. Liu, C.R. Gorla, S. Liang, N. Emanetoglu, Y. Lu, H. Shen, and M. Wraback, J. Electron. Mater. 29, 60 , 2000.

Z.P. Wei, Y.M. Lu, D.Z. Shen, Z.Z. Zhang, B. Yao, B.H. Li, J.Y. Zhang, D.X. Zhao, and X.W. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 042133, 2007.

L. Li, T. Zhai, Y. Bando, and D. Golberg; Recent Progress of one dimensional ZnO nanostructured solar cells; Nano Energy 1, 91, 2012.

A. Allenic, W. Guo, Y.B. Chen, M.B. Katz, G.Y. Zhao, Y. Che, Z.D. Hu, B. Liu, S.B. Zhang, and X.Q. Pan, Adv. Mater. 19, 3333, 2007.

Chia Ying Lee, Seu Yi Li, Pang Lin, Tseung – Yuen Tseng, Journal of Nanoscinece Nanotechnology 5, 1088- 1094, 2005.

S.Suwanboon, A. Amornpitoksuk, A.Haidoux, J.C.Tedenac, J. Alloys Compd., 462, 335, 2008.

X. Wei, D. Chen, Mater. Lett., 60, 823 , 2006.

M.Salavati-Niasari, N. Mir, F. Davar, ZnO nanotriangles, J. Alloys Compd., 476, 908. 2009.

J.Zheng, Z.Y. Jiang, Q.Kuang, Z.X. Xie, R.B.Huang, L.S.Zheng, J. Solid State Chem., 182, 115, 2009.

Hartini Ahmad Rafaie, Roslan Md. Nor, Yusoff Mohd Amin, “ Magnesium doped ZnO nanostructures synthesis using citrus aurantifolia extracts : Structural and field electron emission properties” Mater. Express, Vol, 5, 2015.

J.singh, P. Kumar, K.N, Hui, J. Jung, R.S, Tiwari, O.N.Srivasatva, RSC Adv. 3 5465, 2013.

J.Zhang, F.Pan, W.Hao, T.Wang, Mater.Sci. Eng. B Solid state Mater. Adv. Technol. 129 , 93-95, 2006.

V.Etacheri, R.Roshan, V.Kumar. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4 , 2717-2725, 2012.

J.Singh, P.Kumar, K.S.Hui, K.N.Hui, K.Ramam, R.S.Tiwari, O.N.Srivasatva. CrystEngComm 5898-5904, 2012.

F.K.Shan, B.I.Kim, G.X.Liu, Z.F.Liu, J.Y.Sohn. J.Appl.Phys , 4772-4776 , 2004.

D.De Muer and W.Maenhout-Van Der Vorst, Physica 39, 123 , 1968.

M.A. Seitz, W.F. Pinter, and W.M. Hirthe, Mat. Res. Bull. 6, 275, 1971.

C. Cruz-Vazquez, R. Bernal, S.E. Burruel – Ibarra, H. Grijalva-Monteverde, and M. Barboza-Flores, Opt. Mater. 27, 1235, 2005.

U.Pal, R. Melendrez, V. Chernov, and M. Barboza. Flores, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 18118, 2006.

C. Cruz-Vazquez, V.R.Orante-Barron, H. Grijalva-Monterverde, V.M. Castario, and R. Bernal, Mater, Lett. 61, 1097 , 2007.

U.Pal, R. Melendrez, V. Chernov, and M. Barboza. Flores, J. Nanosci. Nanotechno. 8, 1- 6, 2008.

Dojalisa Sahu, B.S. Acharya, B.P. Bag, Th. Basanta Singh, and R. K. Gartia, J. Lumin 130, 1371 2010.

J. Sengupta, A. Ahmed, and R. Labar ; Structural and optical properties of post annealed Mg doped ZnO thin films deposited by the sol – gel method ; Mater . Lett. 109, 265 2013.

Z. Ji, Y. Song, Y. Xiang, K. Liu, C. Wang, and Z. Ye; Characterization of Mg xZnl-xO Thin films prepared by sol- gel dip coating; J. Cryst. Growth 265, 537 2004.

Lee S.W., An S.Y., SHIM I.B., KIM C.S., J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 290 , 231 2005.

C. Cruz-Vazquez, H.A.Borbon-Nunez, R.Bernal, J.A.Gaspar-Armenta, V.M.Castano “Thermally Stimulated Luminescence of Mg-doped ZnO Nanophosphors” Radiation Effects & Defects in Solids, Vol.169, No.5, 380-387, 2014.

N.Pushpa, M.K.Kokila, K.R.Nagabhushana “ Thermoluninescence studies of ϒ- irradiated ZnO:Mg2+ nanoparticles “ Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 379 62-68, 2016.

Campos, L.L., Preparation of CaSO4:Dy TL signle crystals. J. Lumin 28(4), 481 – 483, 1983.

Campos, L.L., Graphie mixed CaSO4:Dy TL dosemeters for beta radiation dosimetry. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 48(2), 205 – 207, 1993.

Oliveira, M.L., Caldas, L.V.E., Performance of different Thermoluminescence dosemeters in Sr-90 + Y90 Radiation fields. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 111(1), 17 -20, 2004.

Yaakob, N.H., et al., Electron irradiation response on Ge and Al-dope SiO2 optical fibres. Nuclear Instruments and Method in phyiscs Research Section A : Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 637(1): p. 185-189, 2011.

McKeever, S.W.S, and P.D. Townsed, Thermoluminescence dosimetry materials: properties and uses : Nuclear Technology Pub, 1995.