Nursing Management of Patients with Arterial Hypertension

  • Besarta Pelaj Departament of Nursing, University Clinical Center of Kosova, Pristina,Republic of Kosovo, University Clinical Center,Maribor,Republic of Slovenia
  • Nuhi Arslani University Clinical Center,Maribor,Republic of Slovenia, College of Medical Sciences, Pristina, Republic of Kosovo
Keywords: arterial hypertension, nursing management, primary care

Abstract

Arterial hypertension (AH), is one of the most prevalent diseases in the words present a major risk factor for strokes, myocardial infarction, vascular and chronic renal disease. Purposes of this the research was to analyze nurses' knowledge about the nursing management of patients with arterial hypertension at the General Hospital Family Medicine Centers in Peja, to review the literature on nursing management in hypertensive patients, and to provide a series of recommendations that affect the quality of nursing management for patients who are suffering from arterial hypertension. Research is quantitative and analytical in nature. It also has an explanatory nature, relying on current international and domestic literature. The paper is also based on the surveying of 100 nurses. We can conclude that therapy is the patient's responsibility in collaboration with the healthcare provider. Educating about high blood pressure and how to manage it, including medications, diet lifestyle changes, weight control and exercise, setting blood pressure goals and social assistance can help the patient reach the blood pressure under control.

References

. World Health Organization. (2019). Hypertension. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact sheets/detail/hypertension

. Hales C. M., Carroll M. D., Simon P. A., Kuo T., & Ogden C. L. (2017). Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control among adults aged ≥18 years—Los Angeles County, 1999–2006 and 2007–2014. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 66(32), 846–849. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6632a3

. Kearney, P., Whelton, M., Reynolds, K., Muntner, P., Whelton, P., & He, J. (2005). Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. The Lancet, 365(9455), 217-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)17741-1

. World Health Organization. (2017). Global health observatory data repository. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/gho/data/view.main.NCDBPAREGv

. Law M. R., Morris J. K., & Wald N. J. (2009). Use of blood pressure-lowering drugs in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: A Meta-analysis of 147 randomised trials in the context of expectations from prospective epidemiological studies. BMJ, 338(b1665), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.b1665

. Yoon S. S., Gu Q., Nwankwo T., Wright J. D., Hong Y., & Burt V. (2015). Trends in blood pressure among adults with hypertension: The United States, 2003 to 2012. Hypertension, 65, 54–61. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.04012

. Gray L., Lee I., Sesso H. D., & Batty G. D. (2011). Blood pressure in early adulthood, hypertension in middle age, and future cardiovascular disease mortality. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 58(23), 2396–2403.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2011.07.045

. Zhang Y., & Moran A. E. (2017). Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among young adults in the United States, 1999 to 2014. Hypertension, 70(4), 736–742. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.117.09801

. Anand I., Mustafa I. A., Gerasimos F., James E., Inmaculada A., Thomas E. L., et al.,(2010). Uncontrolled Hypertension and Increased Risk for Incident Heart Failure in Older Adults with Hypertension: Findings from a Propensity Matched Prospective Population Study. J Am Soc Hypertens, 4(1):22-31. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2914566/

. Williams B., Mancia G., Spiering W., Agabiti R. E., Azizi M., Burnier M., et al. (2018). ESC/ESH Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. European Heart Journal, 39(33), 3021-3104. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy339

. Spies L., Bader S., Opollo J., & Gray J. (2018). Nurse-Led Interventions for Hypertension: A Scoping Review With Implications for Evidence-Based Practice. Worldviews On Evidence-Based Nursing, 15(4), 247-256. https://doi.org/10.1111/wvn.12297

Published
2020-06-17
Section
Articles