The Use of the Health Belief Model to Determine the Differences in Employees’ Beliefs and Perceptions About Hand Washing, Mask Wearing, and Social Distancing to Prevent the Spread of the COVID-19 Virus in a Higher Learning Institution in Trinidad and Toba

  • Valentine Smith smith PhD Senior Lecturer: In the Academic Affairs Department, cc. The Occupational Health and Safety Department. , Cipriani College of Labour and Cooperative Studies, Trinidad and Tobago.
Keywords: COVID 19 virus, Health Belief Model, Health behaviour, Preventive- Behaviour, employees, health education, health promotion


COVID-19 is a new viral disease that has caused a pandemic in the world. Due to the lack of vaccines and definitive treatment, preventive behaviours are the only way to overcome the disease. This study has been motivated by the desire to change to the prevalence of these unaccepted health behaviours and so produce improvement in community health and eventually gain an understanding of the reasons why individuals perform a variety of behaviours.  The researcher used the health belief model, which explores four constructs: perceived susceptibility (five questions), perceived severity (five questions), perceived benefits (five questions), and perceived barriers (five questions).  The results of the analysis have revealed no consequential relationship between the Health Belief Model constructs and health behaviour. Health education and health promotion can influence and guide the theory of health behaviour. Education programs and interventions are recommended because they are more likely to benefit employees and communities in their quest to change health behaviours.          


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