Effect of Antenatal Education Model Base on Problem toward Knowledge of KEK Pregnant Women and Birth Weight
Keywords:Models PABM, KEK pregnant women, low birth weight, BLR.
The weight of the baby is born (BBL) plays an important role in infant mortality, morbidity, child growth and metabolic diseases as an adult. One of the main problems is Infant Low Birth Weight (LBW), maternal nutritional status are less susceptible to BBLR. Objective: to analyze the effect of the application of the model to the knowledge PABM LBW in pregnant women and birth weight of KEK. The study was a quasy experiment that pre-test and post-test with control group design, group treatment given health education intervention in the form of a small class using the media module with the method of Problem Based Learning (PBM), which is developing everyday problems which are risk factors to the occurrence of LBW that will be discussed is associated with health belief model (health belief Model), performed statistical tests using SPSS program, the parameter is a weight Infants born to research subjects. The study was conducted during October 2015-March 2016, using two media, namely modules PABM and book KIA, Module PABM is a mix between HBM and learning methods PBM, subject consisted of 66 pregnant women KEK, 33 an intervention group and 33 as a control group.
The result is knowledge LBW increased in 90.9% (30) of pregnant women who got PABM modules, effects seen in babies who are born, birth weight infants in the intervention group 84.8% (28) ? 2800 grams compared to those who did not receive the intervention ( 24%). The application of the model KEK PABM in pregnant women to enhance the knowledge of LBW and birth weight. Advice: Model PABM KEK can be used in pregnant women to prevent malicious occurrence of LBW.
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