Relationship of Mother Factors, Breastfeeding and Stunting Pattern in Central Sulawesi

  • Sumiaty Sumiaty Department of Midwifery, Poltekes Kemenkes Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
  • Anna V. Pont Department of Midwifery, Poltekes Kemenkes Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
  • Sundari Sundari Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Public Health, Indonesian Moslem University, Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: Stunting, maternal factors, breastfeeding


Basic Health Research (Riskesdas), The Ministry of Health in Indonesia, reported a prevalence of stunting in 2013 is 37.2%, an increase of Compared to 2010 (35.6%) and 2007 (36.8%). Total stunting in Central Sulawesi in 2013 by 41% and the city of Palu at 21:42%. Stunting risk factors include maternal factors and patterns of breastfeeding. The purpose of this study to Determine the influence of maternal factors and patterns of breastfeeding against stunting in Central Sulawesi. The research was conducted in the city of Palu from August to November 2015. Retrospective cohort study design, the total sample of 65 Households with purposive sampling technique. The research instrument is a validated questionnaire. Data was Analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses. The results of the investigation with OR; 95% CI Showed that the factors that influence stunting in this study are no antenatal care with OR = 4.57 (3:05 to 6.85).

Author Biography

Sumiaty Sumiaty, Department of Midwifery, Poltekes Kemenkes Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia


[ 1 ] World Health Organization, 2006. WHO child growth standards: length/height for age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, weight-for-height and body mass index-for-age, methods and development. World Health Organization.

[ 2 ] Atmarita, Fallah. 2004. Analysis of nutrition and public health situation. In Soekirman et al. , editor. National Food and Nutrition Widyakarya VIII "Food Security and Nutrition in the Era of Regional Autonomy and Globalization"; Jakarta May 17-19 2004.Jakarta: LIPI.

[ 3 ] The Ministry of Health, 2010, Kepmenkes1995 / Menkes / SK / XII / 2010 on Standard Anthropometric Assessment Status Nutrition, Jakarta.

[ 4 ] IFPRI (2014) Global Nutrition Report 2014: Action and Accountability to Accelerate the World's Progress on Nutrition. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington DC.

[ 5 ] Agency for Health Research and Development, Health Research Association in 2013 in figures and books, the Ministry of Health. Jakarta.

[ 6 ] Martorell R, Young MF. 2012. Patterns of stunting and wasting: potential explanatory factors. Advances in Nutrition. 3: 227-233.

[ 7 ] Zottarelli LK, Sunil TS, Rajaram S. 2007.Influence of parenteral and socio economic factors on stunting in children under five years in Egypt. La Revue de Santela de la Mediterranee Orientale. 13 (6): 1330-1342.

[ 8 ] AW Conservation, Hardinsyah, Jalal F, Madanijah, Briawan D, 2013, the Risk Factors Stunting, Food Intake Patterns, Energy Intake and Nutritional Substances Children 0-23 Months, Graduate Forum Journal, 2013, 36 (2)

[ 9 ] Nadiya, 2013, the Risk Factors Stunting in Children Ages 0-23 Months In the Province of Bali, West Java, and East Nusa Tenggara, Thesis, Graduate School of Bogor Agricultural University in Bogor.

[ 10 ] Agedew & Chane, 2015, Prevalence of Stunting among Children Aged 6-23 Months in twins are Woreda, Southern Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Public Health, Volume 2015,

[ 11 ] Aguayo, Badgaiyan, and Paintal, 2015, Determinants of child stunting in the Royal Kingdom of Bhutan: an in-depth analysis of Nationally representative data, the Maternal and Child Nutrition published by JohnWiley & Sons Ltd. Maternal and Child Nutrition (2015), 11 pp, 333-345

[ 12 ] Kuchenbecker et al., 2015, Exclusive breastfeeding and its effect on the growth of Malawian infants: results from a cross-sectional study, Paediatrics, and International Child Health 2015 VOL. 35 NO. 1

[ 13 ] Bwalya, Lemba, Mapoma & Mutombo, 2015, Factors Associated with Stunting among Children Aged 6-23 Months in Zambian: Evidence from the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, International Journal of Advanced Nutritional and Health Science 2015, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp. 116-131

[ 14 ] Dewey KG & Begum K. (2011) Long-term consequences of stunting in early life. Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 (Suppl. 3), 5-18.

[ 15 ] Asfaw, Wondaferash, Taha and Dube, 2015 and associated factors Prevalence of undernutrition among children aged between six to fifty-nine months in Bule Hora district, South Ethiopia, BMC Public Health (2015) 15:41

[ 16 ] Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, de Onis M, Ezzati M., et al., (2013) Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet 371, 243-260.

[ 17 ] Dewey KG & Adu-Afarwuah S. (2007) Systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of complementary feeding interventions in developing countries. Maternal & Child Nutrition 4 (Suppl. 1), 24-85.

How to Cite
Sumiaty, S., V. Pont, A., & Sundari, S. (2017). Relationship of Mother Factors, Breastfeeding and Stunting Pattern in Central Sulawesi. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 35(3), 413-420. Retrieved from