Role of Guidance and Counselling in Managing Discipline Among Tertiary College Students in Western Region, Kenya
AbstractManagement of discipline among students in tertiary colleges is one issue that many college administrators are grappling with almost on a daily basis. Cases of sexual pervasion, drug abuse, prostitution, bullying, vandalism and examination malpractice among others have become prevalent in learning institutions in Kenya. Administrators are known to be applying more of the traditional methods than guidance and counselling to ensure effective management of discipline with very minimal success. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of guidance and counselling (G&C) in managing discipline among students in tertiary colleges in Western Region, Kenya. This study used a survey research design. The study had a population of 12,123 students and 39 G&C Coordinators. A sample size of 411 respondents comprising 375 students and 36 guidance and counselling coordinators were used. Data collection was done using two sets of questionnaires, one for G&C coordinators and another for students. The collected data was then analysed using both inferential and descriptive statistics with the aid of SPSS computer software for windows.The following were the findings of this study: - Management of discipline had not fully been entrusted to guidance and counselling as the most preferred method; when G&C was involved, 24% of the G&C coordinators participated in the disciplinary proceedings.One quarter of the G&C coordinators had no professional training in counselling. This study concluded that the number of colleges that had fully embraced G&C as an intervention measure to manage discipline among students was below average. It was established that guidance and counselling had played a key role in helping students to change their behaviour and improve in academic performance in the colleges where it was fully operational; Most colleges had clear G&C policy frameworks despite the fact that their G&C programmes were not in tandem with the policies. The study came up with the following recommendations:- All G&C coordinators must undertake a professional training in counselling; The number of counselling teachers per institution should be proportional to the student enrolment and should not have any teaching load; It should be made policy that Guidance and counselling becomes the first line of defense when addressing discipline issues among students and all G&C coordinators were supposed to be inducted about implementation of policy.
Cowley. Getting the buggers to behave. TJ International Ltd., Padstow, Cornwall: Great Britain, 2001, pp. 67-83
GNA. Root cause of youth indiscipline is bad parentage-Elder. Internet: www.modernghana.com/news/51812/1/root-cause-of-youth-indiscipline-is-bad-parentage-.html, Mar. 21st 2004, [Feb. 6th 2017]
J. Chumbe, L. Sarah, L, Martha & M. Hellen. “Factors Influencing Secondary School Students to Steal and Their Need for Guidance and Counselling in Bungoma West District, Bungoma County in Kenya”. International Journal of Science and Research, Vol., 4(1), pp. 1084 – 1085, Nov. 2016
J.N. Kathuri & D.A. Pals. Introduction to Education Research. Educational Media Centre, Njoro: Egerton University 1993, pp.7-21
Krejcie and Morgan (1970). “Determining Sample Size for Research Activities.” Internet: https://home.kku.ac.th/sompong/guest_speaker/KrejcieandMorgan_article.pdf, 4/13/2004, [Mar 11th 2017]
Ministry of Education Science and Technology. Kenya education sector support programme.Internet:http://chet.org.za/manual/media/files/chet_hernana_docs/Kenya/National/Kenya%20Education%20Sector%20Support%20Programme%202005-2010.pdf, Oct. 5th 2005 [Feb. 10th 2017].
National Institute on Alcohol and Alcoholism. Consequences of harmful and underage college drinking. Internet: https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/collegefactsheet/Collegefactsheet.pdf, Dec. 4th 2015, [Jan.15th 2017]
O. Makinde. Fundamentals of Guidance and Counselling. London and Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press Ltd., 1993, pp. 66-87.
R. Chemba (2009 ). “Gender Issues in Counselling and Guidance in Post-Primary Education - Advocacy Brief.” Internet: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001859/185930e.pdf, Feb. 24th 2010 Oct. 10th 2016].
Republic of Kenya. Report of the national committee on educational objectives and policies. Internet: Aug. 11th 2015, [Sep. 9th 2016]
Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.
- It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.
- Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author
- Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.
- If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.
- The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.