Chemotaxonomical Study of the Orobanche L. and Geranium L. Species in Iraq

  • Sirwan Hassan Salih Biology Department, College of Education, University of Garmian
  • Mostafa Qahtan Mosataf Biology Department, College of Education, University of Tikret
Keywords: Plant Chemotaxonomy, Orobanche L. and Geranium L., Kurdistan Region-Iraq.


The soluble carbohydrate content of 10 species of Orobanche  and 9 species of Geranium in Kurdistan Region-Iraq (were collected during Spring of 2014-2016  from different localities of districts of MAM, MRO, MSU, FAR, FKI and FPF) was determined for chemical classification, the results showed differences in carbohydrate content among the studied species, which extends between 19.618-87.84mg/gm in Geranium species and 33.506-174.479mg/gm in Orobanche  species, accordingly, the Geranium species were divided into three groups: group with low carbohydrate content (less than 35 mg/gm) included G. dissectum G. Lucidum, G. pusillum and G. purpurium, medium content group (35-60 mg/gm) involved, G. stepporum, G. kudicum and G. tuberosum and high content group (more than 60 mg/gm)  consist of G. molle and G. rotundifolium as well the Orobanche  species were divided into three groups: low carbohydrate content group (less than 60 mg/gm) included O. aegyptiaca, O. ovata, O. arenaria and O. ramose, medium content group (60-90mg/gm) includes O. mutilii, O. crenata and  O. coelestis and group with high content (more than 90mg/gm) involved O. singarensis, O. kurdica and   O. anatolica.


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