Ultrasonic Assisted Optimal Oil Extraction of Prunus Arminica Seeds: an Approach towards the Production of Bioactive and Nutritional Oil

  • Hifza Akhtar Applied Chemistry Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Lahore 54600, Pakistan Department of Chemistry, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
  • Ilyas Tariq Department of Chemistry, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
  • Nargis Sultana Department of Chemistry, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
Keywords: Prunus arminica, composite model, ultrasonic assisted, , scanning electron Microscope, yield.

Abstract

 Bioactive and nutritional enrich Prunus arminica oil was extracted first time with ultrasonic assisted procedure. Process was optimized by central composite model based on independent variables :solvent seed ratio, sonic power and three levels. Time, temperature and particle size were the dependent variables. Actual and predicted yields differences <1, multiple regression 0.941 showed the adequacy of the model. The sonic power 300W and 10/1mL g-1 solvent seed ratio were found significant variables according to P value. The results of the yield 54.0%, dominancy of oleic acid, scanning microscopic images of seeds, IC50 value 25.1µg µL-1 and the inhibition against gram positive and negative microorganisms revealed the ultrasonic extraction technique more  efficient compared to Soxhlet extraction with 51.73% yield and 27.4µg µL-1 IC50.  10mL g-1 solvent, 300W sonication, 50oC and 30min makes the extraction  cost effective and environment friendly and can step ahead to replace conventional methods for edible oils commercial production.

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Published
2018-12-01
Section
Articles