Coastal Landscape and LandUtility Area in Simpenan Subdistrict, Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia

  • Astrid Damayanti Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics & Natural Science, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, 16426, Indonesia
  • Supriatna Supriatna Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics & Natural Science, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, 16426, Indonesia
  • Atika Gustini Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics & Natural Science, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, 16426, Indonesia
Keywords: Coastal Landscape, Landform, Land Use, Land Utility Area, Simpenan Subdistrict.


Located in west coast of Java, Simpenan Subdistrict at Sukabumi District has variety of coastal landscape. The main objective of this research to identification landform charateristics for landscape and also identify land use using Land Utility Area. This research examines coastal landscape that affected by landforms that consist of relief, landuse, social aspect which is cropping pattern and analyze with the model of Land Utility Area. Spatial and descriptive analysis was carried out in this study by overlay and cross section analysis method. The result of this research indicates that coastal landscape pattern in Simpenan Subdistrict is dominated by mountainous hilly terrain around 60,1% from total area, hilly terrain shape about 30,6% from total area, land use of mixed garden use 30,1% of the area and rice cropping pattern once a year. The coastal landscape pattern is generally still in accordance with the Land Utility Area model but there are some unsuitable located in the second restricted area which is the land use of mixed garden.


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