Determinants of Exclusive Breast Feeding Practices Among Mothers of Infants Aged Under Six Months in Jigjiga Town, Eastern Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study

  • Musse Obsiye College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Unit of Nutrition, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
Keywords: Breast feeding, Exclusive breast feeding, Antenatal Care, Postnatal Care, Jigjiga Town, Ethiopia.


Background: despite the documented evidence on the vital role of breastfeeding on the health and development of infants, the exclusive breastfeeding practice for the first six months of life is lower than the international recommendation of exclusive breast feeding practice in the world, in Africa and particularly in Ethiopia. This study is aimed to assess the determinants of exclusive breast feeding practice among mothers of infant aged under 6 months, Jigjiga town, Eastern, Ethiopia. Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study design was used to select 592 mothers with infant under 6 months in Jigjiga town. Data was collected by using interview Structured questioner. Bivariate and Multivariable logistic regression was used to check the associations and for controlling confounding. Result: Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 54.91 %( 95% CI; 50.79-58.90). Exclusive breastfeeding were more likely practiced by mothers who had infants age 0-1 [AOR= 7.29 (1.05, 10.24)], mothers who visited facilities for ANC 4 times and above [AOR=10.29 (1.41 20.12)] and mothers who received PNC [AOR=4.14(1.34, 9.48)]. Conclusions and recommendations: The magnitude of Exclusive breastfeeding in the study area was low. Age of the infants, number of Antenatal care and postnatal care were found to be determinant factors for the continuation of exclusive breastfeeding.


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