Designing a Disaster Resilient City: A Study of the Institutionalization Process of the Marikina City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office
AbstractDisaster risks are major bottlenecks to economic development. In the Asia-Pacific region alone, disasters have caused 2 million deaths and accounted for $2.4 trillion in economic losses since 1971. The current trend shows that disasters are getting stronger due to climate change and are disproportionately affecting people in developing countries and the poorest of the population. Despite the growing literature on disaster risk management (DRM), there still exist knowledge gaps particularly on how to strengthen local institutions to manage risks. As one of the first of its kind in the Philippines, the institutionalization process of the Marikina City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (MCDRRMO) can provide lessons on how to create and sustain local DRM bodies. Using the institutionalization process framework by , interviews and document analysis were conducted. The study identified that variation in political leadership, funding, technology, legislation, and ability to meet the desired outcomes can facilitate or hamper the institutionalization process of a DRM structure. These findings can aid policymaking, especially in improving local resilience.
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