International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Multidisciplinary reputable journal: Peer reviewed, widely Indexed with Impact Factor, fast paper publication, and no deadline for paper submission. International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) en-US International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2307-4531 <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> Outcome of Obstetric Referrals to a Tertiary Referral Hospital in Northern Uganda <p><strong>Abstract: Objectives: </strong>To review the obstetric referrals, source of referrals, and document the maternal and perinatal outcomes. <strong>Method:</strong> A Prospective Observational study reviewed 780 eligible obstetric referrals, ≥28 week’s gestation, referred to the hospital for a period of 12 months were analyzed with SPSS version 23. The inclusion criteria were referred cases in the study period. <strong>Results:</strong> Obstetric referrals accounted for 16.3% (780/4799) of the total admissions, 43.8% were from CEMNOC sites and 32.3% from HC IVs while 57% from without Lira District, showing lacunae in the emergency obstetric care given at the HC IV levels and the districts hospital in the region. The majority or 93.5% (729) were intrapartum admissions and 98.1% (715) of these had labour outcome recorded, showing the nature of referrals. Most common diagnosis at referral was labour or complications of labour and only 4.6% had other diagnoses. The diagnoses at the time of admission were normal labour (31.0%); obstructed labour (25.1%); prolonged labour (7.1%). About 29.9% presented with more than one medical/obstetric complications, and the most common one was obstructed labour, preeclampsia, IUFD and previous caesarean section scars. The outcome of the referred cases included: 45.1% (327) vaginal delivery (either spontaneous or augmented), 54.4% (396) caesarean section, 0.5% (4) Caesarean hysterectomy, 3.1% (24) were transferred out undelivered, 1.2% (09) missing outcome while the 3.6% (28) had medical conditions were managed and discharged. There were Ten (10) maternal deaths among the referrals, during the study period and 3 were due to Obstetric hemorrhage; and behind these there were many near misses which would provide valuable information on the quality of care at the periphery facilities. Neonatal outcomes were 80.4% (627) live babies, 10.5% (82) were FSB/MSB and 10% had APGAR score ≤5 at 5 minutes of birth while 13.2% of the recorded weights were low birth. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> A wide spectrum of complicated and uncomplicated obstetric cases were referred to this hospital and majority were unjustifiable. Unavailability of comprehensive emergency obstetric care (CEMONC) was the most common reason for referrals. Most common diagnosis at the time of referral was prolonged/obstructed labour. Even today, obstetric hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality while prolonged/obstructed labour contributed to the high neonatal mortality. Majority of the referred conditions could be managed at the CEMONC sites; could this be a lacunae in the human resource and supplies to handle these cases as most referrals were unjustified.</p> Nionzima Elizabeth Charles Otim Tom Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 54 1 224 233 Examining an Employee Awards Information System: A Qualitative Study <p>The U.S. military is an organization that uses an automated system to process its members’ awards for approval, similar to other organization. Awarding members for performance has been identified as a great way to escalate job motivation and increase the feeling of inclusion and loyalty to organization and even lead to job retention. In the midst of the current environment and COVID-19 working conditions, it is even more important to show appreciation and gratitude. The U.S. military uses what is known as Global Electronic Approval Routing System (GEARS) to process these awards.&nbsp; Notwithstanding the perceived advantages of utilizing the type of framework, people have communicated uncertainties about its ability to process the administrative documentation effectively and sufficiently, and in turn leading to the opposite effect, decreased motivation and job satisfaction.&nbsp; The study examines the effect that the GEARS has on processing awards on time while applying three theories that set the conceptual framework: Herzberg's Two Factory theory, Technology Acceptance Model, and Task Technology Fit Theory.&nbsp; The study used the qualitative descriptive method in its overall approach to answer research questions regarding how GEARS is affecting the submission and approval of service members’ awards for commendable performance and behavior and how GEARS is perceived to fit the requirement to complete tasks and activities associated with processing awards. The researchers used three instruments to gather data. &nbsp;Data were collected from 15 participants using a questionnaire and interviews.&nbsp; Relevant information was also gathered from archived data and five themes emerged from the analysis of the data, which support the theories and help to provide recommendations for future success.</p> Vernell Hall Angie Cox Christopher Linski Indria Guzman Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-09-14 2020-09-14 54 1 211 223 The Effect of Perceived Organizational Support, Organizational Commitment, And Work Motivation to Organizational Citizenship Behavior on Employees of PT. Seacon Terminal <p>The purpose of this study was to determine and analyze the influence of&nbsp;Perceived Organizational Support (POS), Organizational Commitment, and Motivation Work towards Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) at PT. Seacon Terminal. The data sources come from primary and secondary data. Primary data is taken from distributing questionnaires, while secondary data is from literature books, journals, and company data. Data was distributed to 87 employees. The sampling technique used the Slovin method.&nbsp;Data analysis using multiple linear regression.&nbsp;The results showed that the variables POS, Organizational Commitment, and Work Motivation had a positive and significant effect on OCB.&nbsp;Perceived Organizational Support (POS) variable is the variable that has the highest influence on employee OCB with the dominant influence on the dimensions of supervisor support for PT Seacon Terminal employees.</p> Ria Safitri Setyo Riyanto Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-09-12 2020-09-12 54 1 197 210 Barriers to Men’s participation in Community Development Projects: The Experiences from Okatana Constituency of Oshana Region, Namibia. <p>The study draws on the experiences of Okatana Constituency of the Oshana Region in Namibia. The purpose of the study was to: (i) investigate the leading barriers of men’s participation in community development projects and (ii) discover strategies to promote the participation of men in community projects.&nbsp;&nbsp; A total number of eight [8] participants were interviewed through a semi-structured interview. An observation sheet was used to augment data from interviews. Collected data were analysed using a thematic content analysis method.&nbsp;&nbsp; Three major categories of barriers to men's participation in projects including Structural, administrative as well as socio-cultural and political barriers were identified and discussed.&nbsp;&nbsp; Lack of resources, restrictive legal requirements, Low levels of education, negative attitudes and behaviour, alcohol abuse as well as political interference were some of the barriers to men’s participation in community projects indicated by participants. The study further recommends strategies to promote men's participation in community projects such as enhancement of community education, the involvement of traditional leaders, the formation of community development committees, and the improvement of service delivery.</p> Fransina Ndunge Nchindo Mbukusa Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-09-12 2020-09-12 54 1 186 196 Assessment of Energy Culture at a University and a Paper Mill for Energy Saving Opportunities <p>This work was intended to examine the existing energy culture in a university and in a paper mill of Bangladesh. 75 participants from a public university and 50 participants from a paper mill were surveyed to collect data using a three-segment questionnaire on energy consumption, conservation behavior, and general technical aspects. Responses were analyzed based on gender, age, and education to identify the artifacts that affect and impact the energy use pattern of two organizations. The possibilities of energy conservation through change in organizational norms like attitude, energy management strategy, material culture, and energy practices were assessed for both the commercial and industrial institutions. Key findings showed that the impacts of socio-demographic and psychological factors are found influential on the daily energy saving attitudes. The study also finds that energy conservation behaviors and tendency of reporting on energy wastages among the employees were influenced by the gender, age, and education of the respondents for both the university and the paper mill. For the university case, the analyses of the several statements reveal that women participants hold more positive attitude for saving energy than men. Expressions from the respondents of the university and industry on moral obligation for sensible energy consumption, habitual facts and efficacy are often influenced by education, age, and work experiences. This work suggests for the potential energy saving opportunities by changing behaviors through awareness and material culture through knowledge.</p> Akter Sevena Tanvir Hassan Md. Shafiqul Islam Mahera Afroz Nasif Shams Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 54 1 170 185