International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Multidisciplinary reputable journal: Peer reviewed, widely Indexed with Impact Factor, fast paper publication, and no deadline for paper submission. en-US <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to accept\reject the paper.B. sends the paper to a selected editorial board member(s). C. the Editor In Chief himself evaluates the paper.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> (Dr. Mohammad Nasar) (Rabindra Corat Kayastha) Sun, 20 Sep 2020 18:56:42 +0000 OJS 60 A Study of Awareness and Electricity Use Behaviour of On-campus Residence Students in Nigeria <p>The study explored the awareness and reported energy use behaviour among higher education students in Southwestern Nigeria; examined the relationship between the level of awareness of the impact of energy use behaviour of students and also provides strategies that could be used to improve the level of awareness of stakeholders. We adopted a quantitative survey and questionnaire as instruments for gathering relevant data from end users in the study area and relevant data were analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings revealed that end users had low level of awareness of the negative impact of energy use behaviour 201(81.4%) and had not been trained on energy saving measures. However, they were more aware of the positive impact of energy use behaviour 194(79.0%). The analysis also showed a significant relationship between awareness and reported energy use behaviour; awareness level and turning off light when not needed (r = 0.897, p = 0.001), awareness level and shutting down all computers unless in use (r = 0.189, p = 0.044) and awareness level and leaving computer running overnight (r = 0.452, p = 0.003). The study concluded that the level of awareness of energy saving measures of electricity end users was very low and consequently a lot of energy could be wasted in return. To maximize energy saving potentials of the students, there is need for authorities in tertiary institutions to make effort to raise the awareness of everyone involved; including the management of institutions through an energy efficiency awareness programme, as this could help higher education institutions to achieve energy sustainability and reduce waste. The study developed a framework for improving and enhancing students’ awareness on the impact of energy use behaviour.</p> E. A. Olanipekun, C. O. Iyiola Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Wed, 23 Sep 2020 06:39:27 +0000 Safety Habits of Malaysian Drivers: A study in a Semi-Urban Community in Kedah, Malaysia, April 2019. <p><strong>Background:</strong> Road traffic accidents contribute to a significant proportion of burden of disease in Malaysia. Despite the number of campaigns and initiatives, the trend seems to be increasing. In 2016, 80.6% of road accidents in Malaysia were caused by human error. The number of vehicles increases annually. Our objectives are to assess the safety habits of drivers in a local community in the state of Kedah. &nbsp;<strong>Methodology:</strong> A cross-sectional study, using face-to-face questionnaire on randomly selected residents in two semi-urban housing estates located side by side. Sample size was calculated to be 108, based on 200 households, confidence interval 95% and margin of error 5%. The domains covered knowledge and safety habits including usage of seat belts and helmets, conforming to speed limits, and breaking the law. Data was analysed using SPSSv22.0. &nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong> There were 112 households visited. Residents who always: use seatbelts (80.4%), wear helmets(87.5%), obey speed limits (75.9%) and check condition of vehicle before use(83.9%). Four respondents have not had their vehicle insured. Beating traffic lights regularly (39.3%), not using headlights when required (19.8%) and not using fluorescent vest when riding in the dark (55.4%). Another 18.8% admitted to using mobile phones when driving. Totally 59.8% have been compounded or received summons for traffic offences.&nbsp; Reasons include speeding, double parking, and unsafe car modifications.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Safety habits in this community are mostly limited to wearing seat belts and helmets. There appears to a lax attitude on road safety. When they think they would not be caught, they take chances and commit traffic offences. Campaigns need to focus in rural areas and not solely in urban.</p> Ashadeep Kaur Vidwan, Ang Shang En, Jeynihssha Amarthalingam, Saraswathi Bina Rai Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Wed, 23 Sep 2020 06:22:47 +0000 The Concept of Health and Illness and the Treatment-seeking Behavior from the Cultural Perspective of Assotipo Tribes in Assotipo District, Jayawijaya Regency, Papua Province <p><strong>Background:</strong> Health is a human right that is fundamental. The World Health Organization defines it as "a state of complete physical, psychological and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) data, the health service infrastructure of the Assotipo tribe must create healthy social conditions. The tribe must be involved in the success of national health development, which aims to increase awareness, willingness and ability to live healthy lives. There is, however, a sociological imbalance.</p> <p><strong>Research Objectives:</strong> Exploring the concept of health and illness and the behavior of seeking treatment from the cultural perspective of the Assotipo tribe in the Assotipo District, Jayawijaya Regency, Papua Province. <strong>Research method:</strong> The research method used in this study was qualitative research using a phenomenological method that seeks to understand reality as it is.</p> <p>This study was conducted in February-March 2020 in Assotipo District, Jayawijaya Regency, Papua Province. A total of 20 (twenty) informants were taken using a method of purposive sampling. The main methods of data collection are in-depth interviews and participatory observation.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Communities of the Assotipo tribe assume that health and illness are part of their personal interests. Health and illness were linked to the balance of natural forces and human strength. Cultural attachment drives people away from their priorities to take care of their health. In general, patients with mild complaints come to the public health centre, but still use cultural methods under certain conditions. Community medicine by means of cultural methods used to be known as customary worship, which is now called confession. Resolving the problems of health care needs to have a deep understanding of their concepts and interpretations of health , illness and the various traditional treatments that are well expressed in their culture.</p> Achmad Riyan Wardoyo, Arius Togodly, Rosmin M. Tingginehe, Yacob Ruru Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Wed, 23 Sep 2020 06:16:14 +0000 Psycho-Sapiens – The Next Generation <p><u>Introduction:</u> The objective of this analysis is to determine what happened to dissipate the American family? Would it be logical to say the absence of love has contributed to the problem? Moreover, could the world’s shortage of pilots be directly related to the dissolution of families worldwide? If so, then could the answer to this shortage be found in morally conservative traditional families? Furthermore, has the birth control pill contributed to the dissolution of families worldwide?&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <u>Methods:</u> This qualitative metanalysis has sampled the works of 18 renowned scholars published in the social sciences with respect to families and family developmental networks. Articles of original contributions published by each scholar were examined. The purpose of this analysis is to provide a more comprehensive description of the family and an assessment of the importance of love within family developmental units. <u>Results:</u> This qualitative metanalysis finds that living in a stable family environment, offering a network of close personal relationships, promotes a sense of rootedness and community necessary for success in today’s high-tech vocational environment. This qualitative metanalysis finds that the daily family speech event ended when television invaded the home, causing catastrophic damage to family communication networks. It was these family networks that instilled the sense of rootedness and community within our young adults. Indeed, loss of family communication networks to electronic devices, has limited the family from sharing emotions of anger, joy, sorrow, fear and, yes, passion. Moreover, this qualitative metanalysis finds that the pill brought society sexual freedom no longer requiring the sanction of marriage within the family unit.<u>Conclusion:</u> This study asserts we need a new generation of parents ready to administer tough love. Moreover, “Without a return to human love … there can be no hope for the survival of the species, homo sapiens.</p> Captain Alvin Yount Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sun, 20 Sep 2020 18:27:02 +0000 Modeling and Forecasting Volatility in Pakistan Stock Exchange <p>Analysis of time series is used to develop simple models which can forecast, interpret, and analyze the result concerning its field of application. The main purpose of this study was to check and model the volatility in Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) for the near future. The stock exchange data are highly volatile and there are many factors which affect the daily market returns. A developing country like Pakistan is interfered by the conditions of International Monetary Fund (IMF), dollar fluctuations and thus, it becomes very difficult to forecast these returns due to continuous effect of above and many other factors (which are unknowns). Generally, in the presence of these factors, the naive or simple models do not perform efficiently because of their ability to model averages and thus volatility models are used which model variation in the data. We used dataset from 2<sup>nd</sup> June 2006 to 23<sup>rd</sup> August 2020 using rolling window technique and find GARCH (3,2) as best model to forecast PSX returns.</p> Muhammad Shahzeb Ali, Atiya Javed Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) Sun, 20 Sep 2020 18:06:44 +0000