Gender Assessment of Cocoa Farmers’ Involvement in Cocoa Enterprise in Ibadan, Nigeria

Alex O. Orimogunje, Babatunde A. Ogundeji, Tolulope I. Ademola, Shamsudeen T. Balogun, David J. Awodumila, Rosemary T. Olorunmota, Ibrahim O. Sobowale


This study was carried out to assess the levels of involvement of male and female cocoa farmers’ in cocoa enterprise/value chain in Ibadan, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 160 respondents in the study area. Data were collected using interview schedule on socio-economic characteristics, constraints faced by cocoa farmers and levels of involvement in cocoa enterprises. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools and T-test. Findings from this study revealed that most (77.2%) of the respondents were male and 57.4% fell in the age range of 36-45 years. Also, 98.5% of them had formal education. For operations requiring greater energy such as site selection, 77.2 and 6.5% of the men and female respondents respectively were fully involved. Lack of credit facilities and input were the most severe constraints faced by the respondents. Independent T-test analysis revealed that there was a significant difference in the levels of involvement of both male and female cocoa farmers in the study area. The higher mean value of the male respondents compared to that of the female respondents implies that men are much more involved in the cocoa enterprise than women in the areas sampled/visited. This study therefore recommends that women cocoa farmers in the study area are given utmost priorities in the various agricultural intervention programmes, because of their significance in the cocoa value chain.


Men; women; agriculture; assessment; gender; enterprise; cocoa; farmers.

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