Clinical Investigation of Leprosy Case in Kendari City
AbstractLeprosy is a disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae infection that predominantly affects the skin and peripheral nerves. The long term impact of this infection including neuropathy is deformities and disability. The disease is associated with stigma, especially when deformities are present. Majority of patients exposed to Mycobacterium leprous will not develop the disease, suggesting that person immunity plays an important role in disease infection. This study aims to figure out the new case detection of leprosy patient in Kendari city at the year 2017-2019 and to find out the issues in leprosy elimination. The research was an observational study with descriptive approach. Data collection in this study is using the direct interview for the leprosy programmer from all of Public Health Centre in Kendari City and home visiting the leprosy patient. Data analyzed and presented in narrative and figure. The result showed that in 2019, all of cases (14 cases) detected in the population were adult MB type of leprosy, New Case Detection Rate 3.67/100,000 population. Prevalence rate of leprosy cases that go under treatment in Kendari city was 0.57/10,000 population. Problem in eliminating of leprosy case : Case mapping of leprosy patient was not present, so endemic status not clear; several doctors and programmer of leprosy staffs untrained, low participation and collaboration of relevant sector.
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