The Use of Substitution Table in Teaching Writing Among Primary School Students

  • Mohammed Z. M. Qaddoura University Technology Malaysia, Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
Keywords: writing skill, substitution table, improve, motivate, primary school

Abstract

This action research was conducted with the aim to enhance the teaching of writing skills by using the substitution table as a teaching technique to improve teaching writing skills, consequently leading to an improvement in Second Language learners' writing skills in the English Language. The substitution table was used to teach pupils the rules about writing simple sentences correctly besides training and drilling them in wiring simple sentences. Participants of this action research were ten students of Year 3 from one of the schools in Pasir Gudang district, Johor. The data was collected via document analysis. Results showed that use of a substitution table facilitated in teaching about writing skills, which consequently led to the improvement in the pupils' simple sentence writing skills. The researcher discovered that pupils were interested and motivated when teachers used the substitution table to teach writing simple sentences. They also managed to write simple sentences without any errors.

References

. Nunan. D. "Language Teaching Methodology". Hertfordshire: Prentice Hall International, 1991.

. Liza. A. "Enhancing ESL Writing using Sentence Variety Checklist". 3rd International Language Conference (ILC), 2014.

. Lassa. P. N. "Maintaining quality in higher education in Nigeria". Education in Nigeria: Past, present and future:(A book in honour of Professor Aliu Babatunde Fafunwa) vol. 1. 1992.

. Ngadda. Y. and Nwoke. A. "An analytical study of errors in the written English of undergraduate engineering students, ATBU a case study". Journal of Education and Practice. vol. 5(38), pp. 8-16. 2014.

. Graham. S. McKeown. D. Kiuhara. S. and Harris. R. "A meta-analysis of writing instruction for students in the elementary grades". Journal of educational psychology, vol.4, pp. 879, 2012.

. Kellogg. R. "Attentional overload and writing performance: effects of rough draft and outline strategies". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 14, pp. 355–365, 1988.

. Silva. T. "Second language composition instruction: Developments, issues, and directions in ESL", Second language writing: Insights for the classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

. Brindley. R. and Schneider. J. "Writing instruction or destruction: Lessons to be learned from fourth-grade teachers' perspectives on teaching writing". Journal of Teacher Education, vol. 53(4), pp. 328–341, 2002.

. Routman. R. and Routman. R. "Invitations: Changing as teachers and learners K-12," Irwin Pub. 1991.

. Pinnell. S. and Fountas. C. "Word Matters: Teaching Phonics and Spelling in the Reading/Writing Classroom," Heinemann, 88 Post Rd., W., Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881-5007. 1998.

. Holdich. E. and Chung. H. "A 'computer tutor' to assist children to develop their narrative writing skills: conferencing with HARRY," International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, vol. 59(5), pp. 631–669, 2003.

. Swanto. S. and Din. A. "Employing drilling technique in teaching English writing skills to a group of rural Malaysian students," Developing Country Studies, vol. 4(14), pp. 73-82. 2014.

. Brophy. J. "Classroom management techniques," Education and urban society, vol. 18(2), pp. 182-194. 1986.

. Zerin. S. "Teaching Writing to Young Learners," 2007.

. Ngadda. Y. The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies, 2(7), 4. 2014.

. Hubbard. P. "An integrated framework for CALL courseware evaluation," Calico Journal. pp. 51-72. 1988.

. Graham. S. Bollinger. A. Booth Olson. C. D'Aoust. C. MacArthur. C. McCutchen. D. and Olinghouse. N. "Teaching elementary school students to be effective writers: A practice guide (NCEE 2012- 4058)," Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. 2012.

Published
2020-05-20
Section
Articles