Experience of Small-scale Farmers in Analog Forestry Extension in Cameroon: Methods


  • Kemkia Christian Danernyuy Department of rural socio-economics and agricultural extension, university of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon


small scale farmers, analog forestry, extension, methods and participation


The adoption of unsuitable extension methods to promote participatory analog forestry in the under developed countries because of stereotype institutional policies and profit maximization has led to poor participation of farmers in analog forestry extension programs. The study titled “Participatory analog forestry extension: the experience of small-scale farmers and institutions in the Northwest and Southwest Regions of Cameroon” was designed with the objective of contributing in the enhancement of a better participatory analog forestry management for extension institutions and farmers through an analysis of participatory analog forestry adoption methods.One hundred and fifty two [152] questionnaires were purposively administered to contact and non-contact farmers. An interview schedule with 24 extension workers from eight [8] participatory analog forestry institutions [CENDEP, TROPEG, RTC, RDC, FAP, FOREP, GREEN CARE and GEADIRR] that make up CAFON and operating in the study area. Focus group discussions were carried out with 4 women groups, 2 youth groups and 2 groups made up of men and women. Field observation on tree type, nursery development and local potential for analog forestry were carried using the analog forestry serial stage model. Data collected were collated, coded and analyzed using the Chi-square at 0.05 alpha levels of significances to test differences. SPSS 6.1 version was use for cross-tabulations and contingency tables that generated frequencies and percentages. The findings revealed that; 5 extension methods have been adopted by all the institutions [farmer field visit [27.25%], public stakeholder meetings [23.22%], group approach [21.20%], training and workshop method [21.20%] and the exchange visits approach [14.13]] and 68% farmers were involved in the initial stages of planning, decision making and implementation. Monitoring and evaluation and farmers' inputs was 34% absent but farmers who had participated in extension programs 67% were better adopters of analog forestry than those who had not.


. Moehar, D., Darmawati & Nieldalina. [2006]. PRA “Participatory Rural Appraisal”: Pendekatan Efektif Mendukung Penerapan Penyuluhan Partisipasi dalam Upaya Percepatan Pembangunan Pertanian. Jakarta: Penerbit Bumi Aksara.

. Magni, Giorgia [2016]. “Indigenous knowledge and implications for the sustainable development agenda”. Global Education Monitoring Report, ED/GEMR/MRT/2016/P1/20.

. Amungwa F.A. [2009]. “Appraisal of privatization of agricultural extension services in Cameroon”. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Vol. 1[3]. pp. 085-092, December, 2009 Available online http://www.academicjournals.org/jaerd

. CTA. 2011. “Agricultural extension, a time for change: Linking knowledge to policy and action for food and livelihoods”. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation [CTA]: Wageningen, Netherlands.

. Q

. Amungwa FA [2018]. “Appraisal of Innovations in Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services in Cameroon”. J vdA Plant Sci 1: 206.

. Burton E. Swanson [2008]. “Global Review of Good Agricultural Extension and Advisory Service Practices”. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations Rome.

. Njabulo L. N., Muroyiwa B. and Melusi S. [2018]. Farmers’ Perceptions and Factors Influencing the Adoption of No-Till Conservation Agriculture by Small-Scale Farmers in Zashuke, KwaZulu-Natal Province; sustainability, MDPI.

. IFAD. [2012]. Environment and natural resource management: Resilient livelihoods through the sustainable use of natural assets. Web page: http://www.ifad.org/climate/policy/enrm_e.pdf [accessed April 8, 2014]. Nairobi.

. Chambers, R. and Guijt, I. [1995]. “Participatory Rural Appraisal - Five Years Later: Where are We Now?" in Forests, Trees and People Newsletter, No. 26/27.

. FAO. [2017]: The future of food and agriculture – Trends and challenges. Rome.

. Susana G, Mary L, Mario L, Argentina P and Omar [2008]; Guide for training community leaders to improve leadership and management practices, management science for health. 784 Memorial Drive. Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4613 USA.

. FAO. 2019. Agricultural Extension Manual, by Khalid, S.M.N. & Sherzad, S. [eds]. Apia.

. Said T. H. and Madina S. A. [2018]. Exploring the Factors That Affect Employee Training Effectiveness: A Case Study in Bahrain; Ahlia University, Manama, Bahrain. Sage open journal, https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018783.

. Myers P. and Barnes J. [2004]. Sharing Evaluation Findings: Disseminating the Evidence; NESS UK.

. Fongang F.G.H, Soko E.J.B. [2017]. Viability analysis of community income generating activities [ciga]: case of agricultural processing [CIGAs] in the donga-Mantung Division, North West Region of Cameroon. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology 15[1]:1-16.

. Nwai S. [2000]; participatory agroforestry extension: the experience with small-scale farmers in trans-nzoia district, rift valley province, Kenya; Kenyatta university library.

. Kerkhoff, P [1990]. Agroforestry in Africa: A Survey of Project Experience. Panos Publications Ltd, London.

. Hagen, R. [1986]. Koro Village Agroforestry Project, An Evaluation Report. CARE, Bamako.

. Nuberg I.K and D.G Evans [1993]. Alley cropping and analog forestry for soil conservation in the dry uplands of Sri Lanka, kluwer academic publisher, printed in the Nertherlands.

. Ndenecho, E.N. [2005]. Biological Resource Exploitation in Cameroon. From Crisis to Sustainable Management. Unique Printers, Bamenda.

. CENDEP; Feasibility Study on The Introduction Of Analog Forestry In Bui Division, NW Province Cameroon: Report On Community Consultation, study Financed By The Dutch Ministry Of Foreign Affairs And Oxfam Novib Through Both Ends. December 2006.




How to Cite

Danernyuy, K. C. . (2021). Experience of Small-scale Farmers in Analog Forestry Extension in Cameroon: Methods. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 60(1), 49–65. Retrieved from https://www.gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/view/12655