The Model of Biogas Utilization from Livestock Manure Using Farmer Group Approach to Meet Alternative Energy at Household Scale

  • Sri Wahyuni Graduate School, Bogor Agricultural University, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Surjono H. Sutjahjo Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University, Kampus IPBDarmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Y. Aris Purwanto Departemen mechanical and Biosystem Engineering Bogor Agricultural UniversityKampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Asnath M. Fuah Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
  • Rachman Kurniawan Ministry of National Development Planning the Republic Indonesia, Jakarta
Keywords: Alternative fuels, waste, mitigation.

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the potential of waste generated from the application of integrated farming systems through biogas production produced as alternative fuel for households. The results showed that the waste of integrated farming system in the form of livestock manure can produce biogas and organic fertilizers that can be used by farming managers as an input for production activities and for sale. A cow can produce biogas around 600-1000 liters per day. The use of biogas as an alternative fuel for stoves and lamps can save household expenditure to buy fossil fuels. Besides avoiding scarcity of fossil fuels, it can also reduce the negative impact of livestock farming activities. In addition, people using biogas are participating in the mitigation of greenhouse gases.This study develops a model of biogas utilization using farmer group approach where each group, consists of 20 people, manage a number of 20 to 50 cows. The group members exploit biogas from cow’s manure with the concept of 'come with grasses, go home with biogas'. They use biogas bags, so that bio-digesters at cow’s stalls are operated to refill biogas.

References

Hambali E. Teknolodi Bioenergi. Bogor, ID: PT Agromedia Pustaka, 2007.

Ihsan A, Bahri S, Musafira. “Produksi Biogas Menggunakan Cairan Isi Rumen Sapi Dengan Limbah Cair Tempe”. Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 2 (2), pp. 30-38, 2013.

Jorgensen PJ. Biogas – Green Energy. Aaarhus (DK): Digisource Danmark, 2009.

Karki AB, Dixit K. Biogas Fieldbook. Khatmandu (NP): Sahayogi Press, 1984.

Rana SS, Chopra. Integrated Farming System. Palampur (IN): CSK Himachal Vishvavidyalaya, 2013.

Suharno B. Kiat Sukses Berbisnis Ayam. Jakarta (ID): Penebar Swadaya, 2009.

Soetadi VSS, Kawano DS. “Studi Eksperimen Distribusi Temperatur Nyala Api Kompor Bioetanol Tipe Side Burner Dengan Variasi Diameter Firewall”. Jurnal Teknik ITS vol. 1, pp. 2301-9271, 2012.

Wahyono EH, Sudarno N. Biogas: Energi Ramah Lingkungan. Bogor (ID): Yapeka, 2012.

Yulianto P, Saparinto C. Pembesaran Sapi Potong Secara Intensif. Jakarta (ID): PenebarSwadaya, 2011.

Published
2019-01-04
Section
Articles