Sumatera Elephant Daily Behaviour (Elephas Maximus Sumatranus, Temminck, 1847) in Elephant’s Sub Training Center Line 21 Banyuasin District, Sumatera Selatan Province, Indonesia

  • Asvic Helida Forestry Lecturer at the Muhammadiyah University of Palembang
  • Wawan Hadi Kurnia Student Forestry Department at the Muhammadiyah University of Palembang
  • Asep Sunjaya Adhikerana Zoological Society of London Province Sumatera Selatan, Indonesia
Keywords: Wildlife Reserve, Wildlife Behavior, and Sumatran Elephant.

Abstract

Behavior is a function of the morphological and physiological adaptation of an animal. Behavior also means all animal movements that are influenced by the relationship between animals and their environment. Behavior of Sumatran Elephants can change due to the high damage of forests in Sumatra which results in the loss of a large portion of lowland forest as its potential habitat. Disturbances from outside factors such as elephant ivory hunting, forest conversion for plantation, settlement, agriculture and mining purposes cause fragmented forests so that Sumatran Elephants can no longer move from one forest area to another. The purpose of this study was to determine the daily behavior of Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) and identify the habitat of Sumatran Elephants in the area of the Elephant Training Center (PLG) Line 21. The results showed that elephants had the most proportion of behavior to eat and then followed by movement, drinking, pooping, bathing, resting and light exercise. The environmental conditions of grassland vegetation in the Gajah Strip 21 Training Center do not support the comfort and safety of the elephant itself, although elephants at this location include tame elephants.

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Published
2019-03-29
Section
Articles